By Ajibola Dauda,
On Monday the Journalist international Forum For Migration, JIFORM, released a report on one of the important sessions delivered by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Gambia on migration terms and concept to get reportage of migration matters at the 2020 edition of its annual summit held on October 15 and 16, 2020.
A statement issued by the President JIFORM, Ajibola Abayomi on Monday said the said the Awa Loum Jagne, an official of IOM Gambia was the reality that journalists especially in Africa must educate themselves about while reporting issues about migrants.
“We as media practitioners must brace up to the reality of what we don’t know in details and accept to learn new things. What many of us summarily call illegal migration or migrants has to change. The media must reframe from worsening or blaming migrants with a predetermined mind.”
Ajibola who described IOM Gambia as a committed body chorusing orderly, save and regular migration said JIFORM would continue to reach to the agency and others for good humanity.
While JIFORM is gearing to produce a detail compendium on migration terminologies for migration journalists across the globe that would be unveiled in Ghana by January 21 and 22, 2021, Ajibola said the IOM presentation was indeed an eye opener on definition of migrants and categories of people classified as refugees.
“IOM Gambia reinforced the fact that according to Article 13 of United Nations (UN) Declaration on Human Rights: • Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. • Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. Migration: 21st Century Trend •
“There are 1.012 billion migrants in the world in 2019 • 740 million are internal migrants (2009) • 272 million are international migrants (2019) • Equates to 3.5 per cent of the global population Migration” according Ajibola, all these all journalists covering migration must be familiar with.
Below are the full details of presentation By IOM Gambia on migration terms and concept.
Migration • “The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border, or within a state.”
- Within borders: Internal migration • Across borders: International migration Migrant A migrant is any person who is moving or has moved across an international border or within a State away from his/her habitual place of residence, regardless of: the person’s legal status;
- Whether the movement is voluntary or involuntary; • what the causes for the movement are; or • what the length of the stay is. Regular migration The movement of a person from his or her usual place of residence to a new place of residence, in keeping with the laws and regulations governing exit of the country of origin and travel, transit and entry into the destination or host country.
Abiding by rules and regulations of countries with VALID and PROPER documentation.
Irregular migration: It represents the movement of persons outside rules and regulations of the country of origin, transit and destination
- Unlawful/not regular = someone who has contravened the rules of entry or residence
- An irregular migrant, as defined by IOM, is: “someone who, owing to illegal entry or the expiry of his or her visa, lacks legal status in a transit or host country”.
Right to migrate?
Someone who was a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular According to Article 13 of UN Declaration on Human Rights: • Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. • Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. Migration: 21st Century Trend •
There are 1.012 billion migrants in the world in 2019 • 740 million are internal migrants (2009) • 272 million are international migrants (2019) • Equates to 3.5 per cent of the global population Migration: 21st Century Trend • International migrants (2019) Refugee 1951 Refugee Convention social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; Displaced persons Internally Displaced Person (IDP) An internally displaced person (IDP) is someone who is forced to flee his or her home but who remains within his or her country’s borders.
They are often referred to as refugees, although they do not fall within the legal definitions of a refugee. Refugee De Facto An asylum seeker may not meet the Refugee Convention criteria and may not be entitled to refugee status, but may suffer persecution if he were to be returned to his country of origin.
In this case, he may be granted “de facto” legal status to be able to enjoy the protection of the asylum country. Global Forced Displacements • 1 per cent of humanity displaced as of the end of 2019 • 79.5 million were displaced (2019) • 40% are children Trafficking vs Smuggling Trafficking in Persons is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability.
ACT: recruitment, transport transfer, etc. MEANS: threat use of force, coercion, fraud, etc. PURPOSE: exploitation, prostitution, forced labour, removal of organs Trafficking vs Smuggling Human smuggling is a crime involving the procurement for financial or other material benefit of illegal entry of a person into a State of which that person is not a national or resident.